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A multi-objective optimization for a closed-loop sustainable pharmaceutical supply chain network design: a case study

Alimohammad Lotfi (School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Mandana Shakouri (School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Seyed Reza Abazari (School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Amir Aghsami (Department of Industrial Engineering, KN Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran)
Masoud Rabbani (School of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)

Journal of Advances in Management Research

ISSN: 0972-7981

Article publication date: 27 April 2023

Issue publication date: 10 October 2023

308

Abstract

Purpose

This paper deals with the combined management and design of a sustainable pharmaceutical supply chain network with considering recycling.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper first utilizes the analytical hierarchy process to select and rank green manufacturers. Second, the authors proposed a multi-objective nonlinear mathematical model to design a sustainable pharmaceutical supply chain network. The proposed model has been linearized and solved using the LP-metric method using GAMS software.

Findings

A real case study has been conducted in Iran. The results show that environmental and social issues can be improved while minimizing total costs.

Originality/value

Given the criticality and importance of drugs in human health and the importance of recycling in today's world, proper management and design of a sustainable drug supply chain are necessary. This study pays special attention to environmental issues by utilizing multi-criteria decision approaches and customer satisfaction.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the editor-in-chief and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and helpful suggestions on a previous draft of this paper to improve its quality.

Citation

Lotfi, A., Shakouri, M., Abazari, S.R., Aghsami, A. and Rabbani, M. (2023), "A multi-objective optimization for a closed-loop sustainable pharmaceutical supply chain network design: a case study", Journal of Advances in Management Research, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 565-598. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-05-2022-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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