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Value chain extension services for climate-smart agriculture adoption: evidence from Burkina Faso's cotton farming

Kourgnan Patrice Zanre (Department of Economics, Université Thomas Sankara, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso) (Department of Economics, University of Montreal, Montréal, Canada)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 16 February 2024




This study assesses the extent to which integrated extension services contribute to the adoption of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) innovations within the cotton value chain in Burkina Faso.


To address the research question, a probit multivariate econometric model with sample selection is utilized. The model is applied to a random sample of farmers (n = 510), and the endogeneity is addressed through a control function approach.


The study highlights the central role of value chains, particularly in the cotton sector, in overcoming resource scarcity through integrated extension services. Findings show that smallholder farmers who benefit from sound extension services are more willing to adopt and diversify CSA technologies. These include improved seeds, conservation techniques, adapted planting dates and mechanization. This study confirms the synergistic nature of these technologies and emphasizes that effective climate risk mitigation depends on the combined adoption of CSA technologies.

Research limitations/implications

The use of cross-sectional data limits the analysis of long-term farmer behavior, and due to data limitations, the focus was primarily on the contributions of cotton companies and farmers to climate risk mitigation. Future research using panel data across the value chain could provide a more robust insights for policy decision-making.


The study contributes to the existing body of knowledge by emphasizing the crucial role of integrated extension services within the cotton value chain in developing countries. This highlights the critical benefits for farmers and emphasizes the need to diversify modern technologies to effectively combat climate change and its variability in agriculture.



In this study we used data from the Pathways to Resilience in Semi-arid Economies (PRISE) research project supported by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Canada as part of the Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA). We extend heartfelt appreciation to all PRISE research staff in Burkina Faso for their invaluable support. We are thankful to Professors Omer Combary (University Thomas Sankara) and Joshua Lewis (University of Montreal) for their guidance throughout the research process. The views expressed in this paper are solely ours and do not necessarily represent the views of DFID, IDRC or its Board of Governors. We also thank the editor and anonymous reviewers for the constructive comments.


Zanre, K.P. (2024), "Value chain extension services for climate-smart agriculture adoption: evidence from Burkina Faso's cotton farming", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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