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Nexus between financialization of agricultural products and food security amid financial crisis: empirical insights from BRICS

R.L. Manogna (Department of Economics and Finance, BITS, Pilani – K.K. Birla Goa Campus, Sancoale, India)
Nishil Kulkarni (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani – K.K. Birla Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, India)
D. Akshay Krishna (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani – K.K. Birla Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, India)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 16 February 2024

87

Abstract

Purpose

The study endeavors to explore whether the financialization of agricultural commodities, traditionally viewed as a catalyst for price volatility, has any repercussions on food security in BRICS economies.

Design/methodology/approach

The empirical analysis employs the examination of three agricultural commodities, namely wheat, maize and soybean. Utilizing data from the Chicago Board of Trade on futures trading for these commodities, we focus on parameters such as annual trading volume, annual open interest contracts and the ratio of annual trading volume to annual open interest contracts. The study spans the period 2000–2021, encompassing pre- and post-financial crisis analyses and specifically explores the BRICS countries namely the Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. To scrutinize the connections between financialization indicators and food security measures, the analysis employs econometric techniques such as panel data regression analysis and a moderating effects model.

Findings

The results indicate that the financialization of agricultural products contributes to the heightened food price volatility and has adverse effects on food security in emerging economies. Furthermore, the study reveals that the impact of the financialization of agricultural commodities on food security was more pronounced in emerging nations after the global financial crisis of 2008 compared to the pre-crisis period.

Research limitations/implications

This paper seeks to draw increased attention to the financialization of agricultural commodities by presenting empirical evidence of its potential impact on food security in BRICS economies. The findings serve as a valuable guide for policymakers, offering insights to help them safeguard the security and availability of the world’s food supply.

Originality/value

Very few studies have explored the effect of financialization of agricultural commodities on food security covering a sample of developing economies, with sample period from 2000 to 2021, especially at the individual agriculture commodity level. Understanding the evolving effects of financialization is further improved by comparing pre and post-financial crisis times.

Keywords

Citation

Manogna, R.L., Kulkarni, N. and Krishna, D.A. (2024), "Nexus between financialization of agricultural products and food security amid financial crisis: empirical insights from BRICS", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-06-2023-0147

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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