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Climate change and rice production in India: role of ecological and carbon footprint

Pushp Kumar (School of Humanities, Social Sciences and Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India)
Naresh Chandra Sahu (School of Humanities, Social Sciences and Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India)
Mohd Arshad Ansari (Department of Economics, Akal University Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, India)
Siddharth Kumar (School of Humanities, Social Sciences and Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 2 December 2021

Issue publication date: 22 March 2023

914

Abstract

Purpose

The paper investigates the effects of climate change along with ecological and carbon footprint on rice crop production in India during 1982–2016.

Design/methodology/approach

The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL), canonical cointegration regression (CCR) and fully modified ordinary least square (FMOLS) models are used in the paper.

Findings

A long-run relationship is found between climate change and rice production in India. Results report that ecological footprint and carbon footprint spur long-term rice production. While rainfall boosts rice crop productivity in the short term, it has a negative long-term impact. Further, the findings of ARDL models are validated by other cointegration models, i.e., the FMOLS and CCR models.

Research limitations/implications

This study provides insights into the role of ecological footprint and carbon footprint along with climate variables in relation to rice production.

Originality/value

In the literature, the effects of ecological and carbon footprint on rice production are missing. Therefore, this is the first study to empirically examine the impact of climate change along with ecological footprint and carbon footprint on rice production in India.

Keywords

Citation

Kumar, P., Sahu, N.C., Ansari, M.A. and Kumar, S. (2023), "Climate change and rice production in India: role of ecological and carbon footprint", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 260-278. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-06-2021-0152

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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