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Small-scale poultry enterprises in Kenyan medium-sized cities

Samuel Onyango Omondi (Department of Human Geography, Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden) (Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 25 June 2019




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the profitability of urban chicken production in the medium-sized cities of Kisumu and Thika, Kenya.


Data were collected in 2016 from a sample of 157 indigenous chicken producers in the two cities. Descriptive analyses were used to characterize indigenous chicken production, marketing and profitability. In addition, multivariate regression models were estimated to determine factors influencing profitability of the enterprise.


Urban indigenous chicken production mainly serves a dual role of food provision and income generation. The enterprise is profitable, generating an average gross margin of Ksh. 756/bird. The multivariate regression models show that access to high-value markets, household income level and the type of production system used significantly affect profitability of indigenous chicken farming. However, poultry diseases and high input costs especially feed are the major constraints to poultry farming.

Research limitations/implications

This study has used cross-sectional data that provides information for only one point in time. Future research should be able to capture the seasonality of indigenous chicken production.

Social implications

This study has shown that indigenous chicken production in urban areas is a viable and profitable enterprise, which could provide an avenue for employment and income generation.


Studies assessing profitability of urban agricultural enterprises are scant. Thus, this study provides insights on the profitability of a common urban agriculture enterprise.



Omondi, S.O. (2019), "Small-scale poultry enterprises in Kenyan medium-sized cities", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 237-254.



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