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Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices during the pandemic: the case of Ecuadorian family farming systems

Maritza Satama (Visiting Researcher at Forest Economics and Sustainable Land-use Planning, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany)
David Alejandro Singaña Tapia (Observatorio del Cambio Rural, Instituto de Estudios Ecuatorianos, Quito, Ecuador)
Carola Paul (Department of Forest Economics and Sustainable Land-use Planning, Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany) (Centre of Biodiversity and Sustainable Land Use, Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany)

Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2044-0839

Article publication date: 27 December 2022

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Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this study was to examine the impact of the pandemic on sustainable agricultural practices (SAP) adoption such as: organic fertilizers, minimal use of tillage, crop rotation, soil burning and crop association in the frame of family farming systems in Ecuador.

Design/methodology/approach

The present research employed probit models' estimation with pooled data from 2018 to 2020. The study combined three sources of information with The Survey on Surface and Agricultural Continuous Production, as the main. This study also proposed the analysis of six regions: Coast, Coast Mountains, Northern Highlands, Central Highlands, Southern Highlands and the Amazon.

Findings

The authors see a lower adoption in the year 2020, where the pandemic was one of the causes. The only exception was the use of organic fertilizer. The adoption of these sustainable practices differed across the six regions. The findings also reveal that the employment generated by agricultural enterprises had a negative influence on the adoption of three sustainable practices, and that for the remaining practices the effect was positive.

Research limitations/implications

The data set lacks information on the acceptance and the application of the practices promoted by agricultural technical assistance, which could provide insights into the effectiveness of the learning process. The limited observation period does not allow for investigating long-term effects on sustainable practices adoption.

Originality/value

This study helps to understand the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic in the adoption of SAP. Additionally, this research can help with the scalability of the practices starting from the regions that are most likely to adopt each of them.

Keywords

Citation

Satama, M., Singaña Tapia, D.A. and Paul, C. (2022), "Adoption of sustainable agricultural practices during the pandemic: the case of Ecuadorian family farming systems", Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-04-2022-0067

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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