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Facing the fear: resilience and social support in veterans and civilians with PTSD

Charlotte Louise Wall (Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)
Michelle Lowe (Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, University of Bolton, Bolton, UK)

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research

ISSN: 1759-6599

Article publication date: 5 March 2020

Issue publication date: 23 April 2020

423

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effects of resilience and social support on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 121 veterans (n = 56) and civilians (n = 65).

Design/methodology/approach

Gender, age and marital status were collected, along with occupation for civilians and the unit served with, rank, length of time deployed, overall months active and location for veterans. The trauma experiences scale for civilians, the PTSD checklist for civilian and military, Resilience Research Centre’s Adult Resilience Measure-28, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Deployment Risk and Resiliency Inventory-2 scales were used.

Findings

The results revealed for both samples, resilience and social support (except unit support for veterans) impacted PTSD symptoms. However, social support did not mediate the relationship between resilience and PTSD.

Practical implications

Implications for policy and practice were discussed.

Originality/value

The originality of this research stems from the incorporation of both a civilian and military sample by comparing their levels of PTSD, resilience and social support.

Keywords

Citation

Wall, C.L. and Lowe, M. (2020), "Facing the fear: resilience and social support in veterans and civilians with PTSD", Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 75-85. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-11-2019-0455

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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