What are the causes and consequences of Turkey’s intervention in Syria? The purpose of this paper is to explore this question by focusing on the time frame from 2011 to 2016, i.e. prior to Turkey’s strategic U-turn from uncompromising enmity toward Russia and Iran.
Process tracing is used as the main methodological guideline.
Turkey’s intervention in Syria has been driven by a mutually reinforcing interaction of geopolitical, geo-economic and geo-cultural factors. Turkey’s neo-Ottomanist geo-strategy has been militarized in the context of the Arab Spring, perceived decline of US hegemony, increasing Kurdish autonomy and Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi’s (AKP) electoral setbacks. Second, Turkey’s intervention has been triggered by the converging motivations for energy security, easily gained profits from the black energy market and economic integration with Arab-Gulf countries in the face of a stagnating Western capitalism. A third set of factors speaks to the AKP’s instrumental use of Sunni sectarianism and Kurdish ethnopolitics.
The research aim is to provide a systematic and multi-causal explanation of Turkey’s involvement in Syria.
Gürcan, E. (2019), "Political geography of Turkey’s intervention in Syria: underlying causes and consequences (2011-2016)", Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-10-2017-0329Download as .RIS
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