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Men’s participation in anti-violence activism: frequency and relationships with demographic characteristics and history of sexual harassment perpetration

Jill Hoxmeier (Department of Health Science, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington, USA)
Juliana Carlson (School of Social Welfare, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA)
Erin Casey (school of Social Work, University of Washington Tacoma, Tacoma, Washington, USA)
Claire Willey-Sthapit (School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA)

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research

ISSN: 1759-6599

Article publication date: 19 August 2021

Issue publication date: 2 February 2022




The purpose of this study is to examine men’s engagement in anti-sexual violence activism, including the frequency of their participation, whether demographic correlates, as well as a history of sexual harassment perpetration, relate to frequency, and the extent to which those correlates explain variation in frequency.


Data for this cross-sectional study were collected in 2020; participants were 474 men, 18–40 years of age, who live in the USA.


Descriptive findings show that in the past year, about two-thirds of the men engaged in at least one of the behaviors related to anti-violence activism examined here but with relatively low frequency. Hierarchical regression modeling showed that several of men’s demographic characteristics were significantly related to an increase in frequency, including sexual minoritized identity, education, mother’s education and being a father/parent, as well as past year sexual harassment perpetration in a fourth model. Overall, these variables explained approximately 22% of the variance in frequency of activism.

Research limitations/implications

The sample is not representative of the US population. There is potential for the frequency of activism and engagement to be explained by individuals’ access to opportunities for activism.

Practical implications

This paper discusses implications for practitioners who want to engage men in anti-violence activism.

Social implications

Engaging men in anti-violence activism is critical to end sexual violence.


This study responds to the call for investigations of bystander intervention to include pro-active helping, outside of intervention in high-risk situations for violence and to examine such beyond college students.



Hoxmeier, J., Carlson, J., Casey, E. and Willey-Sthapit, C. (2022), "Men’s participation in anti-violence activism: frequency and relationships with demographic characteristics and history of sexual harassment perpetration", Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 61-72.



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