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Mapping the impact of Asian business systems on HRM and organisational behaviour: multi-level comparative perspectives

Vijay Pereira (Faculty of Business, University of Wollongong in Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates)
Ashish Malik (Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia)
Fabian Jintae Froese (Georg-August-University Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany)

Journal of Asia Business Studies

ISSN: 1558-7894

Article publication date: 7 August 2017




This paper aims to explore the importance of the role of national business systems (NBS) in shaping human resource management (HRM) and organisational behaviour (OB) practices in the context of Asian countries. To this end, this paper presents a comparative overview of different NBS in selected Asian countries and how these variously impact HRM and OB at two levels and contexts, i.e. within and cross-national.


The paper presents a topical review of the literature to unravel the complexity and challenges associated with studying this rich and complex area.


The findings suggest there is significant complexity in studying the impact of NBS on HRM and OB at a holistic and multi-level unit of analysis. The multiplicity of factors and levels of analysis, even at a level of within country analysis, highlights the sophisticated, in-depth and detailed nature of scholarship needed to unbundle and get a fuller understanding of this topic.

Research limitations/implications

Although recent research presents a within and cross-national analysis of NBS and its impact on HRM and OB practices from diverse Asian countries such as India, Japan, Indonesia and Malaysia, recent research offers only a focused analysis of few targeted HRM and OB practices, rather than a collective or a bundle of HRM practices.

Practical implications

The contributions point to several practical implications for HR managers as well as managers from other fields, covering several national and cross-national comparisons.


This paper offers a substantial contribution in the understanding of how various HRM and OB practices are embedded in a nation’s business system and through a variety of historical and cultural influences.



Pereira, V., Malik, A. and Froese, F.J. (2017), "Mapping the impact of Asian business systems on HRM and organisational behaviour: multi-level comparative perspectives", Journal of Asia Business Studies, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 253-261.



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Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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