The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of voluntary risk management disclosure (VRMD) on firm value (FV).
This study uses content analysis approach to collect the VRMD data. FV is represented by three variables: market capitalization, Tobin’s Q and market to book value of equity ratio. Based on a sample of 395 firms listed on the main market of Bursa Malaysia in 2011, this study uses multivariate statistical tests to examine the association between VRMD and FV.
Based on the regression analysis, this study found that the VRMD has a positive and significant relationship with FV. Even though the authors hypothesize that damaging voluntary risk management disclosure (DVRMD) will have a negative and significant relationship with FV, the regression analysis shows that the DVRMD is not significantly related to FV. As expected, the relationship between beneficial voluntary risk management disclosure (BVRMD) and FV is positive and significant. The findings provide evidence that should be of interest especially to firms in terms of deciding upon whether to provide or avoid disclosing voluntary risk management information to their stakeholders.
Notwithstanding the critical empirical findings, this study is limited to only focusing on a one year data. The authors acknowledge the fact that findings from a one year data might not be easily generalized to other time periods. The authors believe a stronger argument could be obtained from evidence based on a longitudinal study or data that incorporate multiple economic conditions. The study highlights the fact that risks management information is important to investors in Malaysia when they make their investments decisions.
To date, regulatory bodies emphasize more on financial risk management disclosure through the enforcement of MFRS 7; while non-financial risk information is less emphasized in current guidelines such as Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG) (2012) and Recommended Practice Guide 5 (Revised), which only requires firms to disclose information about non-financial risk management without specific details. As this study has provided evidence on the significance of non-financial risk management disclosures in the capital market, this study could be useful for the regulatory bodies to develop more detailed guidelines on non-financial risk management disclosure in the future.
Most of prior literatures are found to focus on the study of factors that influence the VRMD (such as Linsley and Shrives, 2006; Abraham and Cox, 2007; Hassan et al., 2009; Ismail and Abdul Rahman, 2011). Studies about the effects of voluntary risk management information disclosure is however very scant. Miihkinen (2013) studied the effects of risk management disclosure on information asymmetry. This paper adds to Miihkinen (2013) by investigating the relationship between VRMD and FV. This paper is expected to be the first to investigate on the empirical usefulness of VRMD in a developing country.
Abdullah, M., Abdul Shukor, Z., Mohamed, Z.M. and Ahmad, A. (2015), "Risk management disclosure: A study on the effect of voluntary risk management disclosure toward firm value", Journal of Applied Accounting Research, Vol. 16 No. 3, pp. 400-432. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAAR-10-2014-0106
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