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A framework of smart pedagogy based on the facilitating of high order thinking skills

Qingquan Meng (School of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China)
Jiyou Jia (School of Education, Peking University, Beijing, China)
Zhiyong Zhang (Huangdu Middle school, Shanghai, China)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 9 July 2020

Issue publication date: 12 August 2020




The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of smart pedagogy to facilitate the high order thinking skills of students and to provide the design suggestion of curriculum and intelligent tutoring systems in smart education.


A smart pedagogy framework was designed. The quasi-experiment was conducted in a junior high school. The experimental class used the smart pedagogy and smart learning environment. The control class adopted conventional teaching strategies. The math test scores of these two classes were compared to verify the effectiveness of smart pedagogy.


The smart pedagogy framework contains three sections including the situated learning (S), mastery learning (M), adaptive learning (A), reflective learning (R) and thinking tools (T) (SMART) key elements model, the curriculum design method and detailed teaching strategy. The SMART key elements model integrates the situated learning, mastery learning, adaptive learning, reflective learning and thinking tools to facilitate the high order thinking. The curriculum design method of smart pedagogy combines the first five principles of instruction and the SMART key elements model to design the curriculum. The detailed teaching strategies of smart pedagogy contain kinds of innovative learning methods. The results of the quasi-experiment proved that the learning outcome was significantly promoted by using smart pedagogy.


This research investigates a general framework that can be used to cultivate the high order thinking skills in different subjects and grades was one of the first to introduce high order thinking skills into smart education. The framework of smart pedagogy was innovative and effect in practice.



This research work is supported by the “Research on Optimization Design of Intelligent Tutoring System Based on Semantic Graphic and Thinking Visualization Tools Under the Guidance of Key Competence” (ECA190481) from the 13th five-year National Research Program on Educational Sciences in China (2019). This research is also sponsored by Beijing Lexue 100 Online Education Co. Ltd. The authors thank all the teachers and students who have participated in the research program.


Meng, Q., Jia, J. and Zhang, Z. (2020), "A framework of smart pedagogy based on the facilitating of high order thinking skills", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 251-266.



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