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Can media richness and interaction act as stimulants to medical professionals’ learning persistence in MOOCs via fostering learning engagement?

Yung-Ming Cheng (Department of Business Administration, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung City, Taiwan)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 2 June 2023

Issue publication date: 25 April 2024




The purpose of this study is to propose a research model based on the stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) model to examine whether media richness (MR), human-system interaction (HSI) and human-human interaction (HHI) as technological feature antecedents to medical professionals’ learning engagement (LE) can affect their learning persistence (LP) in massive open online courses (MOOCs).


Sample data for this study were collected from medical professionals at six university-/medical university-affiliated hospitals in Taiwan. A total of 600 questionnaires were distributed, and 309 (51.5%) usable questionnaires were analyzed using structural equation modeling in this study.


This study certified that medical professionals’ perceived MR, HSI and HHI in MOOCs positively affected their emotional LE, cognitive LE and social LE elicited by MOOCs, which together explained their LP in MOOCs. The results support all proposed hypotheses and the research model accounts for 84.1% of the variance in medical professionals’ LP in MOOCs.


This study uses the S-O-R model as a theoretical base to construct medical professionals’ LP in MOOCs as a series of the psychological process, which is affected by MR and interaction (i.e. HSI and HHI). Noteworthily, three psychological constructs, emotional LE, cognitive LE and social LE, are adopted to represent medical professionals’ organisms of MOOCs adoption. To date, hedonic/utilitarian concepts are more commonly adopted as organisms in prior studies using the S-O-R model and psychological constructs have received lesser attention. Hence, this study enriches the S-O-R model into an invaluable context, and this study’s contribution on the application of capturing psychological constructs for completely explaining three types of technological features as external stimuli to medical professionals’ LP in MOOCs is well-documented.



The author would like to thank the Editor and anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments and valuable suggestions.


Cheng, Y.-M. (2024), "Can media richness and interaction act as stimulants to medical professionals’ learning persistence in MOOCs via fostering learning engagement?", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 21 No. 2, pp. 214-244.



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