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Blockchain in education management: present and future applications

Preeti Bhaskar (University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Ibra, Oman and ICFAI Business School, ICFAI University, Dehradun, India)
Chandan Kumar Tiwari (Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, Noida, India and Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India)
Amit Joshi (ICFAI Business School, ICFAI University, Dehradun, India)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 16 November 2020

Issue publication date: 19 May 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a systematic literature review on blockchain technology in education to offer a detailed understanding of the present scenario in terms of benefits, barriers, present blockchain technology application and future areas where blockchain technology can be implemented in the other fields of education.

Design/methodology/approach

A bibliometric analysis is conducted on for data in the publications, journals, authors and citations were collected, and examined by applying bibliometric measures. The data was collected from SCOPUS database on the topic “Blockchain Technology in Education”. The following research questions guided this systematic literature review (SLR: How blockchain technology has been defined in educational settings? How were the technology examined (i.e. the methodology)? What were the results of using this technology in an education system?

Findings

The study identifies the benefits, barriers and present application of blockchain technology in education. The analysis shows that blockchain technology in education is still a young discipline, but has a lot of potential to benefits the educational sector at large.

Practical implications

This research provides a groundwork for education institutions, the policymakers and researchers to explore other areas where blockchain technology can be implemented, though this research has also suggested some prospective uses of blockchain technology in different functions of an education system, more application can be brought into the education system to exploit the potential of blockchain technology.

Originality/value

The paper discusses the application of blockchain technology in education with the help of bibliometric analysis. This is one of the first known studies to review the blockchain technology by identifying its benefits, barriers, present blockchain technology application. Based on the analysis, future application areas are also identified.

Keywords

Citation

Bhaskar, P., Tiwari, C.K. and Joshi, A. (2021), "Blockchain in education management: present and future applications", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-07-2020-0102

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited