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Educational technology research during the COVID-19 pandemic

Sijia Xue (Department of Education, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China)
Helen Crompton (Department of Teaching and Learning, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia, USA)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 11 October 2022




This systematic review paper aims to examine extant empirical research involving educational technology during COVID-19 to provide an aggregated analysis of how the pandemic has influenced educational technology research.


Using a Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis systematic review and an integrative review methodology, 50 primary research studies were selected from ten top-ranked educational research journals. These studies were reviewed regarding research purposes, methodologies, instruments, educational level, geographical distribution, and findings of the studies.


The findings reveal four emerging themes: influencing factors, effectiveness, challenges and teachers. The majority of the studies focused on higher education. Quantitative research design based on a questionnaire was the most adopted method of investigation by researchers.

Research limitations/implications

Search parameters focused on the top 10 journals in the field of educational technology. Although this provides a level of quality, it narrowed the search.

Practical implications

For practitioners and researchers, this study provides a summary of the field to better understand what knowledge we have gained on the use of educational technology to enable a more agile, knowledgeable response to education in future emergencies.


This systematic review is unique in examining how the pandemic has influenced educational technology research. It also provides insight into gaps in the research that future researchers can use as a springboard to enable a more knowledge and a more agile approach to future emergencies.



The study was funded by Chongqing Social Sciences Foundation, China (Grant No.:2022NDYB131).


Xue, S. and Crompton, H. (2022), "Educational technology research during the COVID-19 pandemic", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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