A drawing learning support system based on the drawing process model

Takashi Nagai (Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan)
Mizue Kayama (Department of Computer Science and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan)
Kazunori Itoh (Department of Computer Science and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, Nagano, Japan)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Publication date: 10 June 2014

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore a support system for beginners in drawing in a networked environment. Learners can receive advice and assessments from art experts without time and/or place constraints by using the proposed system. The authors investigate the possibilities of online supporting drawing learning. Two key factors are introduced: a digital pen as a drawing tool and a drawing process model (DPM).

Design/methodology/approach

The major difference between an offline drawing class and an online drawing class is the availability of instruction during learners' drawing. The instruction for the learners' drawing process is more important than instructional comments for his/her work. Therefore, quick and personalized feedback from a tutor is an indispensable function for a networked learning environment. In this study, the learner's drawing process that is recorded by a digital pen is reused in order to replay and refer his/her drawing process. To generate an evaluation for the drawing process automatically, these data are also reused in the system the authors propose.

Findings

The paper provides three findings. One is the DPM to capture learner's drawing features. Second is a drawing learning support system based on the DPM. And third is a feasibility study of the support system in a real art school. In this study, the learner's drawing process is reused in two evaluations. One is the tutors' evaluation, and the other is the system's evaluation. For the latter, the authors implemented the automated evaluation function based on the DPM. This model consists of three types of parameters. They are the drawing step, the drawing phase and the features of the drawing strokes.

Research limitations/implications

Because of the art school curriculum, the authors cannot examine the learning effectiveness deeply. So the research results in this paper may lack generality. Therefore, researchers are encouraged to test the proposed approach further.

Practical implications

The paper includes implication for the skill learning support based on the ICT.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to capture and support how drawing behaviour can be done.

Keywords

Citation

Nagai, T., Kayama, M. and Itoh, K. (2014), "A drawing learning support system based on the drawing process model", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 146-164. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-05-2012-0016

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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