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Integration of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and IOTs in academia: a state-of-the-art review on the concept of Education 4.0 in Pakistan

Rameen Butt (Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur, Pakistan)
Hammad Siddiqui (Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur, Pakistan)
Raheel Ahmed Soomro (Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur, Pakistan)
Muhammad Mujtaba Asad (Sukkur IBA University, Sukkur, Pakistan)

Interactive Technology and Smart Education

ISSN: 1741-5659

Article publication date: 13 May 2020

Issue publication date: 22 September 2020

1288

Abstract

Purpose

This era is the time for upskilling and producing workforce that is capable of effectively dealing with the day-by-day increasing demand of the industry. As the world is changing, its needs are changing in the same way and at the same speed. The world has become more digitized now. Moreover, we have a dramatic shift from Education 1.0 to Education 4.0 these days. The world now is practicing the internet of things, cloud storage, cyber-physical system and artificial intelligence. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that affect the level of motivation toward the integration and implication of Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0 in the education system of Pakistan by considering the Government policies.

Design/methodology/approach

For analyzing these factors, 150 research articles were sought out, out of which 84 were chosen for reviewing purpose based on the authentication of and relevance to this study by considering the Pakistani context. All the research articles have been selected from reputed indexed journals from databases (Scopus and Web of Science).

Findings

The findings of this review suggest that many factors affect the motivation toward integration and implementation of IR 4.0. These factors mainly include human factors, intrinsic values and influencing factors. Moreover, there is no such framework that provides the base to Education 4.0 in Pakistan because the things exist but are not systematic. Educators are motivated, but there are no resources; policies are there, but there is no practice or implementation. Pakistan is lacking in the latest trends related to Education 4.0 and even has no experience because people are used to doing things manually, but technology is the need of this era. Furthermore, the findings of this study will be useful for developing a systematic plan or a framework of the integration and implication of IR 4.0 that ultimately gives rise to Education 4.0 in the education system of Pakistan.

Originality/value

To the authors’ knowledge, no other study has been conducted on this topic in Pakistan. Also, there is a very little work done on this topic anywhere else in the world. The world is still exploring the IR 4.0, and our topic is solemnly related to these resolutions. Thus, there is a very little amount of literature related to this study.

Keywords

Citation

Butt, R., Siddiqui, H., Soomro, R.A. and Asad, M.M. (2020), "Integration of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and IOTs in academia: a state-of-the-art review on the concept of Education 4.0 in Pakistan", Interactive Technology and Smart Education, Vol. 17 No. 4, pp. 337-354. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITSE-02-2020-0022

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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