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Analysing online reviews to investigate customer behaviour in the sharing economy: The case of Airbnb

Carmen Kar Hang Lee (School of Business, Singapore University of Social Sciences, Singapore)
Ying Kei Tse (The York Management School, University of York, York, UK)
Minhao Zhang (Department of Management, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK)
Jie Ma (Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)

Information Technology & People

ISSN: 0959-3845

Article publication date: 7 August 2019

Issue publication date: 18 June 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate attributes that influence Airbnb customer experience by analysing online reviews from users staying in London. It presents a text mining approach to identify a set of broad themes from the textual reviews. It aims to highlight the customers’ changing perception of good quality of accommodations.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyses 169,666 reviews posted by Airbnb users who stayed in London from 2011 to 2015. Hierarchical clustering algorithms are used to group similar words into clusters based on their co-occurrence. Longitudinal analysis and seasonal analysis are conducted for a more coherent understanding of the Airbnb customer behaviour.

Findings

This paper provides empirical insights about how Airbnb users’ mindset of good quality of accommodations changes over a five-year timespan and in different seasons. While there are common attributes considered important throughout the years, exclusive attributes are discovered in particular years and seasons.

Research limitations/implications

This paper is confined to Airbnb experiences in London. Researchers are encouraged to apply the proposed methodology to investigate Airbnb experiences in other cities and detect any change in customer perception of quality stay.

Practical implications

This paper offers implications for the prioritisation of customer concerns to design and improve services offerings and for alignment of services with customer expectations in the sharing economy.

Originality/value

This paper fulfils an identified need to examine the change in customer expectation across the timespan and seasons in the case of Airbnb. It also contributes by illustrating how big data can be used to uncover key attributes that facilitate the engagement with the sharing economy.

Keywords

Citation

Lee, C.K.H., Tse, Y.K., Zhang, M. and Ma, J. (2020), "Analysing online reviews to investigate customer behaviour in the sharing economy: The case of Airbnb", Information Technology & People, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 945-961. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITP-10-2018-0475

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited