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ACRank: a multi-evidence text-mining model for alliance discovery from news articles

Yilu Zhou (Fordham University, New York, New York, USA)
Yuan Xue (Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA)

Information Technology & People

ISSN: 0959-3845

Article publication date: 24 June 2020

Issue publication date: 3 October 2020

175

Abstract

Purpose

Strategic alliances among organizations are some of the central drivers of innovation and economic growth. However, the discovery of alliances has relied on pure manual search and has limited scope. This paper proposes a text-mining framework, ACRank, that automatically extracts alliances from news articles. ACRank aims to provide human analysts with a higher coverage of strategic alliances compared to existing databases, yet maintain a reasonable extraction precision. It has the potential to discover alliances involving less well-known companies, a situation often neglected by commercial databases.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed framework is a systematic process of alliance extraction and validation using natural language processing techniques and alliance domain knowledge. The process integrates news article search, entity extraction, and syntactic and semantic linguistic parsing techniques. In particular, Alliance Discovery Template (ADT) identifies a number of linguistic templates expanded from expert domain knowledge and extract potential alliances at sentence-level. Alliance Confidence Ranking (ACRank)further validates each unique alliance based on multiple features at document-level. The framework is designed to deal with extremely skewed, noisy data from news articles.

Findings

In evaluating the performance of ACRank on a gold standard data set of IBM alliances (2006–2008) showed that: Sentence-level ADT-based extraction achieved 78.1% recall and 44.7% precision and eliminated over 99% of the noise in news articles. ACRank further improved precision to 97% with the top20% of extracted alliance instances. Further comparison with Thomson Reuters SDC database showed that SDC covered less than 20% of total alliances, while ACRank covered 67%. When applying ACRank to Dow 30 company news articles, ACRank is estimated to achieve a recall between 0.48 and 0.95, and only 15% of the alliances appeared in SDC.

Originality/value

The research framework proposed in this paper indicates a promising direction of building a comprehensive alliance database using automatic approaches. It adds value to academic studies and business analyses that require in-depth knowledge of strategic alliances. It also encourages other innovative studies that use text mining and data analytics to study business relations.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS1551004.

Citation

Zhou, Y. and Xue, Y. (2020), "ACRank: a multi-evidence text-mining model for alliance discovery from news articles", Information Technology & People, Vol. 33 No. 5, pp. 1357-1380. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITP-06-2018-0272

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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