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A mutated FastSLAM using soft computing

Ramazan Havangi (Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran)

Industrial Robot

ISSN: 0143-991x

Article publication date: 19 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) is the problem of determining the pose (position and orientation) of an autonomous robot moving through an unknown environment. The classical FastSLAM is a well-known solution to SLAM. In FastSLAM, a particle filter is used for the robot pose estimation, and the Kalman filter (KF) is used for the feature location’s estimation. However, the performance of the conventional FastSLAM is inconsistent. To tackle this problem, this study aims to propose a mutated FastSLAM (MFastSLAM) using soft computing.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed method uses soft computing. In this approach, particle swarm optimization (PSO) estimator is used for the robot’s pose estimation and an adaptive neuro-fuzzy unscented Kalman filter (ANFUKF) is used for the feature location’s estimation. In ANFUKF, a neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) supervises the performance of the unscented Kalman filter (UKF) with the aim of reducing the mismatch between the theoretical and actual covariance of the residual sequences to get better consistency.

Findings

The simulation and experimental results indicate that the consistency and estimated accuracy of the proposed algorithm are superior FastSLAM.

Originality/value

The main contribution of this paper is the introduction of MFastSLAM to solve the problems of FastSLAM.

Keywords

Citation

Havangi, R. (2017), "A mutated FastSLAM using soft computing", Industrial Robot, Vol. 44 No. 4, pp. 416-427. https://doi.org/10.1108/IR-11-2016-0277

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited