This paper aims to deal with the design of new hybrid approach for the assistance of the flexion extension movement of the knee joint.
The control approach combines the use of a knee joint orthosis along with functional electrical stimulation (FES) within an assist-as-needed paradigm. An active impedance controller is used to assist the generation of muscular stimulation patterns during the extension sub-phase of the knee joint movement. The generated FES patterns are appropriately tailored to achieve flexion/extension movement of the knee joint, which allows providing the required assistance by the subject through muscular stimulation. The generated torque through stimulation is tracked by a non-linear disturbance observer and fed to the impedance controller to generate the desired trajectory that will be tracked using a standard proportional derivative controller.
The approach was tested in experiments with two healthy subjects. Results show satisfactory performances in terms of estimating the knee joint torque, as well as in terms of cooperation between the FES and the orthosis actuator during the execution of the knee joint flexion/extension movements.
The authors designed a new hybrid approach for the assistance of the flexion extension movement of the knee joint, which has not been studied yet. The control approach combines the use of a knee joint orthosis along with FES within an assist-as-needed paradigm.
This work was supported by Incheon National University (International Cooperative) Research Grant in 2018 (grant no. 2018).
Conflict of interests: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Alouane, M., Rifai, H., Kim, K., Amirat, Y. and Mohammed, S. (2019), "Hybrid impedance control of a knee joint orthosis", Industrial Robot, Vol. 46 No. 2, pp. 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1108/IR-08-2018-0165Download as .RIS
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