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Effects of social media usage on exploratory innovation, exploitative innovation and organizational agility: the moderating role of learning goal orientation

Kai Zhang (School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China)
Hefu Liu (International Institute of Finance, School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China)
Yang Li (School of Management, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, China)
Xia Wu (School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China)

Internet Research

ISSN: 1066-2243

Article publication date: 28 February 2023

753

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the underlying mechanisms of exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation between social media usage and organizational agility, and elucidate the moderating role of learning goal orientation (LGO) in the above relationships, based on adaptive structuration theory (AST).

Design/methodology/approach

Based on a multiple-respondent matched survey of 334 Chinese e-commerce firms, authors employed structural equation modeling to examine the correlations among social media usage, exploitative innovation, exploratory innovation and organizational agility. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to examine the moderating role of LGO.

Findings

This study's empirical findings demonstrate that exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation mediate the relationship between social media usage and organizational agility in different ways. Further, LGO positively moderates the relationship between social media usage for customer acquisition and exploratory innovation, as well as the relationship between social media usage for customer relationship and exploitative innovation.

Practical implications

Firms are advised to leverage different types of social media usage to facilitate exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation and promote organizational agility. In addition, LGO within a firm should be established to enhance the effects of social media usage on exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation.

Originality/value

This study adds to the literature on social media usage by proposing and examining exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation as explanatory mechanisms to facilitate organizational agility. This study further identifies LGO as a boundary condition of social media usage's effect on exploitative innovation and exploratory innovation. By contextualizing social media as advanced information technology, this study contributes to the contextualization of AST in the social media context.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC: 72002062).

Citation

Zhang, K., Liu, H., Li, Y. and Wu, X. (2023), "Effects of social media usage on exploratory innovation, exploitative innovation and organizational agility: the moderating role of learning goal orientation", Internet Research, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/INTR-07-2021-0503

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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