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Utilitarian and/or hedonic shopping – consumer motivation to purchase in smart stores

Yu-Wei Chang (National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan)
Ping-Yu Hsu (Department of Business Administration, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)
Jiahe Chen (School of Business, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia)
Wen-Lung Shiau (Department of Information Management, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)
Ni Xu (Department of Business Administration, National Central University, Taoyuan, Taiwan)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 12 January 2023

Issue publication date: 9 March 2023

3001

Abstract

Purpose

Recently, smart retail technology has emerged as an innovative technology that can improve consumer motivation and behavior in smart stores. Although prior studies have investigated factors influencing the adoption of smart retail technology, to the authors’ knowledge, no previous work has investigated the determinants of purchase intentions. The ultimate goal for retailers should be shopping, not technology adoption. However, traditional brick-and-mortar stores and theories focus on investing in utilitarian factors to attract customers. This study proposes that hedonic motivation should also play an important role, as new technologies may arouse customer curiosity and increase pleasant experiences. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore utilitarian and hedonic motivations that promote customers' purchase; intentions in smart stores. Specifically, the authors address the research questions: (1) What are the constituents of utilitarian motivation? (2) What are the constituents of hedonic motivation? (3) What are the factors that influence customers' purchase intentions? By answering the questions, the findings help retailers understand how to motivate customers to make purchases in smart stores.

Design/methodology/approach

To investigate consumer motivation and purchase intentions, the customers who made purchases in smart stores were invited to participate in the questionnaire survey. This study collected 307 data in smart retail settings. Partial least squares (PLS) software was used to assess the reliability, validity and the paths and significance of all hypotheses.

Findings

The results show that perceived ease of use directly and indirectly influences purchase intentions through utilitarian and hedonic motivations. Utilitarian motivation is a formative second-order construct comprised of merchandise price, merchandise quality, location convenience, speed of shopping and product recommendation. Hedonic motivation is a reflective second-order construct composed of control, curiosity, joy, focused immersion and temporal dissociation. The findings provide insights into the successful implementation of smart retail technology and offer retailers to better understand consumer motivation and purchase intentions in smart stores.

Originality/value

This study is the first to examine how consumer motivation influences purchase intentions in smart stores. This study posits and verifies the extended hedonic system acceptance model (HSAM) to explain consumer motivation for shopping in smart retail settings. This study also models the original first-order utilitarian and hedonic constructs as second-order formative and reflective constructs, respectively. Utilitarian motivation regarding functional benefits is developed based on the 5Ps of marketing and situational factors, while hedonic motivation regarding pleasant experiences is proposed based on cognitive absorption.

Keywords

Citation

Chang, Y.-W., Hsu, P.-Y., Chen, J., Shiau, W.-L. and Xu, N. (2023), "Utilitarian and/or hedonic shopping – consumer motivation to purchase in smart stores", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 123 No. 3, pp. 821-842. https://doi.org/10.1108/IMDS-04-2022-0250

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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