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Fuzzy DEMATEL-based green supply chain management performance: Application in cement industry

Yigit Kazancoglu (Department of International Logistics Management, Yasar University, Izmir, Turkey)
Ipek Kazancoglu (Department of Business Administration, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey)
Muhittin Sagnak (Department of Information and Document Management, Izmir Kâtip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey)

Industrial Management & Data Systems

ISSN: 0263-5577

Article publication date: 12 March 2018




Performance assessment of green supply chain management (GSCM) requires a systematic approach because of its interdisciplinary and multi-objective nature. The purpose of this paper is to propose a model to the performance assessment of GSCM.


A model is proposed, grounded on a literature review on GSCM performance, after which the causal relationships and prioritization of the sub-criteria are analyzed by fuzzy Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory technique in a company operating in the cement industry.


An integrated holistic performance assessment model incorporating specifically six criteria and 21 sub-criteria is applied, which represents causal relationships and prioritization of sub-criteria.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed model can be generalized, because an integrative framework can be used in future empirical studies to analyze performance of GSCM. However, the causal relationships and prioritization among sub-criteria are analyzed based on the needs and capabilities of the individual company; therefore, the causal relationships found are company specific.

Practical implications

The proposed model can be hired and implemented by companies striving for GSCM. This model allows companies to assess their current GSCM performance, analyze causal relationships, and prioritize sub-criteria.


Several studies have analyzed performance assessment in green supply chains; however, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, no study has taken an approach to performance assessment in GSCM that combines environmental, economics/financial, logistics, operational, organizational and marketing in the same framework. In addition, the cause-effect relationships identified will be the base for performance improvement.



Kazancoglu, Y., Kazancoglu, I. and Sagnak, M. (2018), "Fuzzy DEMATEL-based green supply chain management performance: Application in cement industry", Industrial Management & Data Systems, Vol. 118 No. 2, pp. 412-431.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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