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The importance of 2 per cent PTFE/FeF3 additives in engine fully formulated oil for reducing friction and wear under boundary lubrication condition

Gabi N Nehme (University of Balamand)
Saeed Ghalambor (University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 9 February 2015

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on the topics of phosphorus (P) and sulfur (S) in engine oil. Very reproducible boundary lubrication tests were conducted as part of Design of Experiments software to study the behavior of fluorinated catalyst iron fluoride (FeF3) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) in the development of environment-friendly (reduced P and S) anti-wear additives for future engine oil formulations. Multi-component fully formulated oils were used with and without the addition of PTFE and fluorinated catalyst to characterize and analyze their performance.

Design/methodology/approach

A boundary lubrication protocol was used in the DOE tests to study their tribological behavior. Lubricant additives like PTFE and FeF3 catalyst were used at different concentrations to investigate the wear resistance and the time for a full breakdown under extreme loading conditions. Experiments indicated that new sub-micron FeF3 catalyst plays an important role in preventing the breakdown of the tribofilm.

Findings

This paper explores the effect of PTFE and FeF3 catalyst on the performance of fully formulated engine oils. The purpose was to develop equations for minimum wear volume and maximum time for full breakdown. Emphasis was, therefore, given to conditions where the additives were working effectively for minimizing zinc dialkyl dithio phosphate (P per cent). Lubricating oils are normally multi-component additivated systems. They contain different additives such as viscosity improvers, detergents, dispersants and antioxidants. It is known that these additives interact at the surface, affecting the function of the lubricating oil. Therefore, it is important to note that the performance with PTFE and FeF3 catalyst was significantly improved when compared to fully formulated commercial oils used alone.

Originality/value

Lubricating oils are normally multi-component additivated systems. They contain different additives such as viscosity improvers, detergents, dispersants and antioxidants. It is known that these additives interact at the surface, affecting the function of the lubricating oil. Therefore, it is important to note that the performance with PTFE and FeF3 catalyst was significantly improved when compared to fully formulated commercial oils used alone.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author thanks the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Balamand, the State of Texas as part of a Technology Development and Transfer Grant and Platinum Research. The authors would like to thank the University of Texas at Arlington for allowing them to use their facilities.

Citation

Nehme, G.N. and Ghalambor, S. (2015), "The importance of 2 per cent PTFE/FeF3 additives in engine fully formulated oil for reducing friction and wear under boundary lubrication condition", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 67 No. 1, pp. 75-80. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-11-2013-0128

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited