The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of current density on the surface roughness and corrosion performance of electrodeposited Co–Ni–Fe-coated mild steel. Process variables are the key factor in controlling the electrodeposition process. It is important to study the processing parameter to optimize the mechanical and corrosion resistance performance of the coating substrate.
A low-cost electrodeposition method was used to the synthesize Co–Ni–Fe coating on the mild steel substrate. In the electrodeposition, electrochemistry concept was applied. The temperature of the process was controlled at 50 ± 5°C in an acidic environment. The influence of current density (11, 22 and 33 mA/cm2) and deposition time (15, 20 and 30 min) toward the surface roughness, hardness and corrosion rate was investigated.
The increases of time deposition and current density have improved the microhardness and corrosion resistance of Co–Ni–Fe-coated mild steel. The Co–Ni–Fe nanoparticles deposited at 30 min and current density of 33 mA/cm2 experienced the smallest surface roughness value (Ra). The same sample also obtained the highest Vickers microhardness of 122.6 HV and the lowest corrosion rate. This may be due to the homogenous and complete protection coating performed on the mild steel.
The findings from the study are important for future application of Co–Ni–Fe on the mild steel parts such as fasteners, car body panels, metal chains, wire ropes, engine parts, bicycle rims, nails and screws and various outdoor uses. The improvement of corrosion resistance using optimum electrodeposition parameters is essential for these applications to prolong the life span of the parts.
A new process which pertains to fabrication of Co–Ni–Fe as a protective coating on mild steel was proposed. The Co–Ni–Fe coating can enhance the corrosion protection and thus prolong the lifespan of the mild steel parts.
The authors would like to thank Research Management Centre (RMC) UiTM and the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia for financial supports. The research was conducted at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Malaysia, under support Grant 600-RMI/FRGS 5/3 (52/2015).
Koay, M.H., Tukiran, M.A.A., Mohd Halidi, S.N.A., Che Murad, M., Salleh, Z. and Yusoff, H. (2017), "Corrosion investigation of Co–Ni–Fe-coated mild steel electrodeposited at different current densities and deposition times", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 69 No. 3, pp. 393-398. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-09-2016-0215
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