To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Experimental investigations of rheological behaviour and thermal conductivity of nanogrease

Alaa Mohamed (Mechanical Engineering Department, Akhbar El-Yom Academy, Giza, Egypt)
Mohamed Hamdy (Akhbar El-Yom Academy, Giza, Egypt)
Mohamed Bayoumi (Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt)
Tarek Osman (Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 10 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

This work describes the fabrication of composite nanogrease based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as an additive at different volume concentrations 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 Wt.% and investigates the correlation between CNTs and grease rheological behaviour. In addition, study the influence of shear thinning rate at various temperatures and investigates the thermal conductivity of nanogrease. The results demonstrated that grease behaves like a Newtonian viscoelastic material with a narrow linear domain. The thermal conductivity of nanogrease was enhanced by about 31.58 per cent, and the thermal and mechanical stabilities improved. Moreover, the apparent viscosity and dropping point increased by about 93 and 27 per cent, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

Grease was dissolved in chloroform (10 Wt.%), at 25°C for 1 h. In parallel, functionalized CNTs with different volume concentrations (0.5, 1, 2 and 3 Wt.%) were dispersed in N,N-dimethylformamide; the dispersion was stirred for 15 min, and then sonicated (40 kHz, 150 W) for 30 min. Grease solution was then added to the CNTs. The nanofluid was magnetically stirred for 15 min and then sonicated for 2 h. This ensured uniform dispersion of nanoparticles in the base fluid.

Findings

Inexpensive and simple fabrication of nanogrease. Thermal conductivity of nanogrease was typically enhanced compared to other reported studies. Apparent viscosity and dropping point increases with the increase the volume concentration.

Originality/value

This work describes the inexpensive and simple fabrication of nanogrease for improving properties of lubricants, which improve power efficiency and extend lifetimes of mechanical equipment.

Keywords

Citation

Mohamed, A., Hamdy, M., Bayoumi, M. and Osman, T. (2017), "Experimental investigations of rheological behaviour and thermal conductivity of nanogrease", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 69 No. 4, pp. 559-565. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-08-2016-0176

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited