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Wear characteristics of AlCrN coating on AISI 410 steel by the ball-cratering test method

Vijayasarathi Prabakaran (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jeppiaar Institute of Technology, Sriperumbudur, India)
Ilaiyavel S. (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumbudur, India)
SureshPrabhu P. (Research Section, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, India)
Sornakumar Samuel Thambu (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Thiagarajar College of Engineering, Madurai, India)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 10 July 2017




In this study the microstructure and wear characteristics of Multilayer AlCrN coated AISI 410 stainless steel with the physical vapor deposition technique.


The friction and wear performance of the ML-AlCrN-coated AISI410 steel and uncoated AISI410 steel sliding against with high carbon steel were investigated by the ball cratering test at room temperature. The tribological characteristic of coated AISI410 steel was determined by applying constant sliding velocity of 0.3927 ms−1 and total sliding distance of 353.43 m over various normal loads of 2, 3 and 4 N.


The AlCrN-coated AISI410 steel showed excellent wear performance up to 4 N load. The uncoated AISI410 steel showed good to acceptable wear resistance up to 2 N load. The wear tracks and worn surface were examined by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) attachment for explaining the differences in wear mechanism.


The ability of coating to delay substrate oxidation, with an excellent wear resistance, was identified under different parameters on worn areas.



The authors would like to thank to Dr Jeppiaar, Chairman, Dr N. Marie Wilson, Director of Jeppiaar Institute of Technology, for their constant encouragement in all endeavors. The authors would also like to thank Dr S. Rameshbabu, Professor, Head of the Department, Mechanical Department, in the Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Sriperumbudur, for their support to the project. The authors are grateful to the reviewer for providing their useful comments, hints and guidelines during the track of revision to improve the technical character of the present report.


Prabakaran, V., S., I., P., S. and Thambu, S.S. (2017), "Wear characteristics of AlCrN coating on AISI 410 steel by the ball-cratering test method", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 69 No. 4, pp. 484-490.



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