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Intelligent prediction of wear life of automobile brake pad based on braking conditions

Jingyu Cao (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)
Jiusheng Bao (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)
Yan Yin (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)
Wang Yao (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)
Tonggang Liu (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)
Ting Cao (School of Mechatronic Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 2 December 2022

27

Abstract

Purpose

To avoid braking accidents caused by excessive wear of brake pad, this study aims to achieve online prediction of brake pad wear life (BPWL).

Design/methodology/approach

A simulated braking test bench for automobile disc brake was used. The correlation and mechanism between the three braking condition parameters of initial braking speed, braking pressure and initial braking temperature and the tribological performance were analyzed. The different artificial neural network (ANN) models of wear loss were discussed. Genetic algorithm was used to optimize the ANN model. The structure scheme of the online prediction system of BPWL was discussed and completed.

Findings

The results showed that the braking conditions were positively correlated with the wear loss, but negatively correlated with the friction coefficient. The prediction accuracy of back propagation (BP) ANN model was higher. The model was optimized by genetic algorithm, and the average deviation of prediction results was 4.67%. By constructing the online monitoring system of automobile braking conditions, the online prediction of BPWL based on the ANN model could be realized.

Originality/value

The research results not only have important theoretical significance for the study of BPWL but also have practical value for guiding the maintenance and replacement of automobile brake pads and avoiding the occurrence of braking accidents.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported in China by the Graduate Innovation Program of China University of Mining and Technology (2022WLKXJ069), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51875561 and No. 51205393) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).

Citation

Cao, J., Bao, J., Yin, Y., Yao, W., Liu, T. and Cao, T. (2022), "Intelligent prediction of wear life of automobile brake pad based on braking conditions", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-04-2022-0132

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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