Wear predictions for cams in line contacts based on multidisciplinary simulation

Wenjie Qin (School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China)
Lunjing Duan (School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Publication date: 9 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present the model and method involving multi-body system dynamic analysis, finite element quasi-statics contact analysis and numerical calculation of elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL), according to the cam wear prediction using Archard’s model. Cam–follower kinematic pairs always work under wear because of concentrated contacts. Given that a cam and follower contact often operates in the mixed or boundary lubrication regime, simulation of cam wear is a multidisciplinary problem including kinematic considerations, dynamic load and stress calculations and elastohydrodynamic film thickness evaluations.

Design/methodology/approach

Multi-body system dynamic analysis, finite element quasi-statics contact analysis and numerical calculation of EHL are applied to obtain the dynamic loads, the time histories of contact pressure and the oil film thicknesses in cam–follower conjunctions to predict cam wear quantitatively.

Findings

The wear depth of the cam in the valve train of a heavy-load diesel engine is calculated, which is in good agreement with the measured value in the practical test. The results show that the cam–tappet pair operates under a mixed lubrication or boundary lubrication, and the wear depths on both sides of the cam nose are extremely great. The wear of these points can be decreased significantly by modifying the local cam profile to enlarge the radii of curvature.

Originality/value

The main value of this work lies in the model and method involving multi-body system dynamic analysis, finite element quasi-statics contact analysis and numerical calculation of EHL, which can give good prediction for the wear of cam.

Keywords

Citation

Qin, W. and Duan, L. (2015), "Wear predictions for cams in line contacts based on multidisciplinary simulation", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 67 No. 2, pp. 159-165. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-04-2014-0034

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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