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Effect of fibre length and composition on the tribological attributes of oil palm fibre polymeric composite: organic brake friction material

Mohd Fadzli Bin Abdollah (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia and Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia)
Hilmi Amiruddin (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia and Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia)
Mohamad Jabbar Nordin (Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, Melaka, Malaysia)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 7 May 2021

Issue publication date: 2 June 2021

155

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to scrutinise the impact of fibre length and its composition on the tribological attributes of oil palm fibre (OPF) polymeric composite as an alternative brake friction material.

Design/methodology/approach

Fabrication of the sample was conducted by using a hot-compression method. The tribological test was carried out by deploying a ball-on-disk tribometer. Analysis of the data was then done by using the Taguchi approach as well as analysis of variance.

Findings

The results indicated that all design variables (fibre composition, length and treatment) are not statistically significant, as all p-values are greater than 0.05. Remarkably, irrespective of the fibre treatment, the wear rate and coefficient of friction (COF) distribution suggested that a smaller fibre length with a high fibre composition might enhance the composite’s tribological performance with COF of 0.4 and wear rate below than 1 × 10–9 mm3/Nm. The predominant wear mechanisms were identified as micro-cracks, fine grooves and fibre debonding.

Research limitations/implications

In this study, all-inclusive scrutiny needs to be carried out for further exploration.

Originality/value

The main contribution and novelty of this study are opening a new perspective on the formulation of new substances from bio-based material (i.e. OPF) that possess superior tribological characteristics for friction-based applications.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the support of the Green Tribology and Engine Performance (G-TriboE) research group, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka. The authors also acknowledge the contribution of Prof Dr Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia for the Minitab software. .

Citation

Abdollah, M.F.B., Amiruddin, H. and Nordin, M.J. (2021), "Effect of fibre length and composition on the tribological attributes of oil palm fibre polymeric composite: organic brake friction material", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 73 No. 4, pp. 614-620. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-01-2021-0019

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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