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Lubricated friction behaviour of thermal spray steel coated cylinder bores studied using a long-stroke reciprocating tribometer

Ming Lou (Department of Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada)
Ahmet T. Alpas (Department of Mechanical, Automotive and Materials Engineering, University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 25 June 2021

Issue publication date: 3 August 2021

102

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the effectiveness of using thermal spray (TS) coated bores in reducing friction under the mixed lubrication (ML) and elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) regimes.

Design/methodology/approach

A reciprocating tribometer with a stroke length of 100 mm, was built to measure the coefficient of friction (COF) at the mid-stroke and ring reversal positions and to conduct sliding tests at a speed range of 0.31–3.14 m/s. Samples taken from fine-honed TS coated bores and also from cast iron (CI) liners that underwent a standard-honing process were tested against ring segments coated with chromium nitride (CrN) and diamond-like carbon.

Findings

Construction of Stribeck curves demonstrated that TS coatings showed a transition from ML to EHL at a lower speed (0.94 m/s) compared with CI (1.26 m/s) regardless of the counterfaces used. Lower COFs of 0.05–0.08 in ML was measured for TS coatings compared with those of 0.06–0.09 for CI in ML. Once EHL was reached, the COF of TS coatings decreased to 0.02–0.03 similar to those of CI. Examination of wear patterns suggested that the low roughness combined with high oil retention capability might be responsible for the reduced transition speed and the expanded EHL region for the TS coated surfaces.

Originality/value

With the EHL friction captured in a bidirectional sliding mode using a long-stroke tribometer, this work contributes to the understanding of the low-friction behaviour of TS coatings.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The financial support from Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) and General Motors Co. (GM) is greatfully acknowledged.

Citation

Lou, M. and T. Alpas, A. (2021), "Lubricated friction behaviour of thermal spray steel coated cylinder bores studied using a long-stroke reciprocating tribometer", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 73 No. 5, pp. 796-801. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILT-01-2021-0007

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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