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Gas flow mechanism and pressure analysis in plates in micro scale gas film

Wei Long (Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China)
Mimi Wu (Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China)
Fasha Li (Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China)
Jiyao Wang (Faculty of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China)
Wei Deng (Yunnan Xiyi industrial Limited by Share Ltd., Kunming, China)

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology

ISSN: 0036-8792

Article publication date: 29 August 2019

Issue publication date: 1 February 2021



The purpose of this paper is to develop the micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology has created the conditions for the study of microfluidic technology. Microfluidic technology has become a very large branch in the MEMS field over the past decade. For aerostatic thrust bearing, the micro-fluidic gas flow in a small-scale gas film between two parallel plates is the subject of many studies. Because of the thin gas in the film, velocity slip occurs at the interface, which causes the gas flow pattern to change in the lubricating film. So, it is important to clarify the mechanism and pressure characteristics in thin firm gas flow.


First, a new assumption and corresponding models for the flow regime were established by theoretical analysis. Second, computational simulations about pressure distribution and velocity were given by a large-scale atomic/molecular massively parallel simulator (LAMMPS). Third, comparison of the results of LAMMPS simulation and direct simulation Monte Carlo calculation were made to verify the reliability of above results.


The gas flow mechanism and corresponding regulations are significantly different from traditional pneumo dynamics, which can be described by Navier–Stokes equations accurately. Combining theatrical study and computational results, the stratification theory of the gas film was verified. The research shows that when the gas flow rate increased, the pressure of the gas film decreased, the thickness of the continuous flow layer increased, the thickness of the thin layer decreased and the layered pressure in the gas film disappeared. In this case, velocity slippage could be ignored.


First, this paper established an analytical model of the gas film support and proposed a film stratification theory. The gas film was divided into the near wall layer, the thin layer and the continuous layer, which was proved by the calculation of LAMMPS flow simulation. The velocity slip boundary conditions theory is feasible. Second, the gas film size of the flat plate is at the micron level, which cannot be observed in its flow regimen, only determined by calculation and simulation. This paper proposes a new model and a new tool to analyze gas flow in gas films.



The project was supported by the National Natural Science Fund of China (No.51766006) and the Tribology Science Fund of State Key Laboratory of Tribology (No.SKLTKF16B02). The authors also would like to thank Accdon ( for providing linguistic assistance during the preparation of this manuscript.


Long, W., Wu, M., Li, F., Wang, J. and Deng, W. (2021), "Gas flow mechanism and pressure analysis in plates in micro scale gas film", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 73 No. 1, pp. 33-37.



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