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An improved technique for face recognition applications

Ihab Zaqout (Department of Information Technology, Al Azhar University – Gaza, Gaza, Palestenian Authority)
Mones Al-Hanjori (Department of Information Technology, Al Azhar University – Gaza, Gaza, Palestenian Authority)

Information and Learning Sciences

ISSN: 2398-5348

Article publication date: 6 September 2018

Issue publication date: 13 November 2018

292

Abstract

Purpose

The face recognition problem has a long history and a significant practical perspective and one of the practical applications of the theory of pattern recognition, to automatically localize the face in the image and, if necessary, identify the person in the face. Interests in the procedures underlying the process of localization and individual’s recognition are quite significant in connection with the variety of their practical application in such areas as security systems, verification, forensic expertise, teleconferences, computer games, etc. This paper aims to recognize facial images efficiently. An averaged-feature based technique is proposed to reduce the dimensions of the multi-expression facial features. The classifier model is generated using a supervised learning algorithm called a back-propagation neural network (BPNN), implemented on a MatLab R2017. The recognition rate and accuracy of the proposed methodology is comparable with other methods such as the principle component analysis and linear discriminant analysis with the same data set. In total, 150 faces subjects are selected from the Olivetti Research Laboratory (ORL) data set, resulting 95.6 and 85 per cent recognition rate and accuracy, respectively, and 165 faces subjects from the Yale data set, resulting 95.5 and 84.4 per cent recognition rate and accuracy, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

Averaged-feature based approach (dimension reduction) and BPNN (generate supervised classifier).

Findings

The recognition rate is 95.6 per cent and recognition accuracy is 85 per cent for the ORL data set, whereas the recognition rate is 95.5 per cent and recognition accuracy is 84.4 per cent for the Yale data set.

Originality/value

Averaged-feature based method.

Keywords

Citation

Zaqout, I. and Al-Hanjori, M. (2018), "An improved technique for face recognition applications", Information and Learning Sciences, Vol. 119 No. 9/10, pp. 529-544. https://doi.org/10.1108/ILS-03-2018-0023

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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