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US long-haul truck driver health demands integrated approach

Adam Hege (Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA)
Michael Perko (Department of Public Health Education, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA)
Yorghos Apostolopoulos (Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA)
Sevil Sönmez (Department of Tourism, Events and Attractions, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA)
Robert Strack (Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA)

International Journal of Workplace Health Management

ISSN: 1753-8351

Article publication date: 7 November 2016




The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of both occupational safety and health (OSH) and worksite health promotion (WHP) efforts targeted at long-haul truck drivers (LHTDs) and to identify strengths and weaknesses to inform future interventions and/or policy changes.


Review of the literature was done to identify theoretical and methodological approaches frequently used for protecting and promoting the health and well-being of LHTDs.


Health and safety issues impacting LHTDs are complex and naturally interrelated. Historically, the majority of approaches to the health and safety of LHTDs have emphasized the safety side and there has been a lack of comprehensive and integrated WHP/OSH attempts.


The literature pertaining to LHTD health has expanded in recent years, but intervention and policy efforts have had limited success. Several scholars have discussed the need for integrating WHP/OSH efforts for LHTD health, but have not actually provided a description or a framework of what it entails in which the authors provide a conclusion to the review of the literature. The authors provide a critical discussion regarding a collaborative approach focused on National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health’s Total Worker Health model. The integration further promotes an advancement of theoretical and methodological strategies.



Hege, A., Perko, M., Apostolopoulos, Y., Sönmez, S. and Strack, R. (2016), "US long-haul truck driver health demands integrated approach", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 9 No. 4, pp. 378-397.



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Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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