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Self-reported Non-Specific Neck Pain (NSNP) is associated with presenteeism and biopsychosocial factors among office workers

Martin Frutiger (Department of Chiropractic, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, Australia)
Tamasin Taylor (School of Public Health and Psychosocial Studies, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand)
Robert James Borotkanics (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand)

International Journal of Workplace Health Management

ISSN: 1753-8351

Article publication date: 21 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between self-reported non-specific neck pain (NSNP) with presenteeism and biopsychosocial factors in office workers.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional study was conducted on office workers (n=119) from four workplaces in Sydney, Australia. Data were collected using online questionnaires comprising the Neck Pain and Disability Scale, Neck Bournemouth Index and Stanford Presenteeism Scale 6. Psychosocial factors were explored given their etiological and maintenance roles in musculoskeletal disorders. A combination of linear, generalised linear and ordinal regression models were applied.

Findings

The study found that presenteeism was significantly associated with NSNP. Psychosocial factors such as concentration, emotional stress, anxiety, depression and outlook were found to be associated with increased NSNP.

Research limitations/implications

This research has implications as it expands understanding of the interplay between presenteeism and NSNP and psychosocial factors in the workplace.

Originality/value

The study identified the importance of organisations being able to identify when an office worker may be working while experiencing NSNP and how they may best support their employee’s recovery to prevent long-term disability and work productivity issues. These findings inform workplace policy formation by public health agencies.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Disclosure statement: the authors reported no potential conflicts of interests. The authors would like to thank the participants from the included workplaces for their willing participation in this study.

Citation

Frutiger, M., Taylor, T. and Borotkanics, R.J. (2019), "Self-reported Non-Specific Neck Pain (NSNP) is associated with presenteeism and biopsychosocial factors among office workers", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 214-227. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-09-2018-0116

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited