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Assessing the factorial structure and internal consistency of the mental fitness and resiliency inventory (MFRI)

Patricia Peterson (Faculty of Education, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada)
Bill Morrison (Faculty of Education, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada)
Robert Laurie (Faculty of Education, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada)
Viviane Yvette Bolaños Gramajo (Faculty of Education, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada)
John Brock Morrison (Faculty of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, Canada)

International Journal of Workplace Health Management

ISSN: 1753-8351

Article publication date: 25 February 2020

Issue publication date: 16 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This paper explores the use of the mental fitness and resiliency inventory (MFRI) as a tool for the management of workplace health and well-being. The MFRI provides information on the extent to which positive workplace practices are experienced within three mental fitness domains and five resiliency domains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factorial structure and internal consistency of the MFRI.

Design/methodology/approach

The MFRI was administered to 1,519 employees in multiple workplace environments in Canada. The factorial structure of the MFRI was examined to conduct confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). In addition to the CFA indexes, the internal consistency of each latent construct was calculated, with results reported using Cronbach's coefficient alpha.

Findings

The reliability of the MFRI is very high (alpha = 0.973). The fit indexes from the CFA indicate that the model is permissible. The MFRI can be used with confidence to highlight mental fitness and resiliency strengths, as well as areas needing further development in workplace environments.

Research limitation/implications

Limitations may include the selection of fit indexes upon which to base judgment as to whether the model is satisfactory. Although the MFRI model has been confirmed based on the data from the study sample, there is not yet sufficient data to conclude that the model is a true predictive model. Current and ongoing research will enable elaboration on this matter. In addition, formal documented observations regarding the MFRI's face validity and ease of explanation and understanding of the results may confirm a priori expectations on the part of the users and may strengthen the conclusions from this study.

Practical implications

Implications for workplaces arising from the validation of the MFRI include a growth in capacity to measure the existence of positive psychology practices within organizational environments and to identify and address areas for needed growth and development. By assessing the prevalence of mental fitness and resiliency practices in workplace environments, reports can be produced that indicate various levels of development and integration of these practices. The application of the MFRI facilitates the use of evidence-informed decision-making in addressing organizational goals related to positive workplace cultures.

Originality/value

The MFRI is a new, validated instrument that measures the presence of positive practices that contribute to healthy and effective workplace cultures. The results of the MFRI provide workplace health managers with a profile of organizational strengths (practices that are embedded and comprehensive) and areas for development (practices requiring promotion and capacity building) related to mental fitness and resiliency.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Corrigendum. It has come to the attention of the publisher that the article Peterson, P., Morrison, B., Laurie, R., Bolaños Gramajo, V.Y. and Morrison, J.B. (2020), “Assessing the factorial structure and internal consistency of the mental fitness and resiliency inventory (MFRI)”, published in International Journal of Workplace Health Management, currently on Earlycite, listed incorrect affiliations for the authors. The correct affiliations have now been updated online. The authors sincerely apologise for this.

Citation

Peterson, P., Morrison, B., Laurie, R., Bolaños Gramajo, V.Y. and Morrison, J.B. (2020), "Assessing the factorial structure and internal consistency of the mental fitness and resiliency inventory (MFRI)", International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 153-171. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJWHM-07-2019-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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