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Soundscape preferences of tourists in historical urban open spaces

Mahdi Montazerolhodjah (Department of Urban Planning, Yazd University, Yazd, The Islamic Republic of Iran)
Mojtaba Sharifnejad (Department of Urban Planning, School of Art and Architecture, Yazd University, Yazd, The Islamic Republic of Iran)
MohammadReza Montazerolhodjah (School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, The Islamic Republic of Iran)

International Journal of Tourism Cities

ISSN: 2056-5607

Article publication date: 5 July 2019

Issue publication date: 3 December 2019




Considering that the historic city of Yazd was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and given the necessity of improving the environmental qualities due to the increased number of domestic and foreign tourists, the concept of acoustic comfort seems to be of considerable importance. In this regard, the purpose of this paper is to identify and evaluate the role of sound space components affecting acoustic comfort in the historic urban spaces of the City of Yazd and its two historic squares named Khan Square and Fahadan Square.


Accordingly, a total of 632 foreign tourists visiting these squares were asked to enumerate different sounds they could hear in the square and identify their relation with acoustic comfort. In terms of the objectives, this is an applied research using survey and correlation methods. In addition, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data.


The results of this study indicated that motorcycle and automobile noises were considered as the most important sounds disturbing the acoustic comfort, and sounds of children’s play, water, talking and businesses were the most important factors promoting the acoustic comfort in the historic squares.


The paper highlights the soundscape and acoustic conditions that affect the tourisms in the traditional and tourism square in historical context of Yazd city.



Montazerolhodjah, M., Sharifnejad, M. and Montazerolhodjah, M. (2019), "Soundscape preferences of tourists in historical urban open spaces", International Journal of Tourism Cities, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 465-481.



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Copyright © 2019, International Tourism Studies Association

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