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How are overtourism and host–guest relationships portrayed by the Portuguese print media?

Alan Guizi (Tourism and Hospitality School, Anhembi Morumbi University, Sao Paulo, Brazil) (Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)
Zélia Breda (Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)
Rui Costa (Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal)

International Journal of Tourism Cities

ISSN: 2056-5607

Article publication date: 28 January 2020

Issue publication date: 25 February 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand the main perceived impacts of overtourism in Portugal and the reactions of tourism stakeholders in the main Portuguese cities, especially the host.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a qualitative approach, based on the analysis of news published in Portuguese newspapers between March 2018 and March 2019, applying Bardin’s (2011) content analysis and matching with the theory as proposed by Laville and Dionne (1999).

Findings

The study reveals that the main perceived impacts are the evictions and transformation of old residence into short-term rentals (e.g. Airbnb) and small hotels, besides other impacts such as garbage in the streets, gentrification, loss of security and others.

Research limitations/implications

The study considered the period of one year, being a limitation of analysis for contexts within that period, as well as the possible partiality of how the context of overtourism is dealt by newspapers.

Practical implications

This study seeks to understand the context of overtourism and its perception by the hosts and aims to present a basis of tourism planning for public and private sector stakeholders, in order to provide a better visit experience to the tourist, without losing the hosts’ quality of life.

Originality/value

Studies using newspapers as sources of data are rare. The newspapers are considered local witnesses; therefore, they bear important information for several purposes, not just for tourism but for other realities or contexts.

Keywords

Citation

Guizi, A., Breda, Z. and Costa, R. (2020), "How are overtourism and host–guest relationships portrayed by the Portuguese print media?", International Journal of Tourism Cities, Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 215-232. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-06-2019-0081

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, International Tourism Studies Association.