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Tourism disaster resilience scorecard for destinations (TDRSD): the case of Manta, Ecuador

Estefania Mercedes Basurto-Cedeño (Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA)
Lori Pennington-Gray (Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA)

International Journal of Tourism Cities

ISSN: 2056-5607

Article publication date: 3 May 2016

668

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop nine criteria for tourism disaster resilience scorecard for destinations (TDRSD) by using the “disaster resilience scorecard for cities, based on UNISDR’s ten essentials”. As a surrogate for the city, the Convention and Visitors Bureau (CVB) is used at the destination level to manage and oversee disasters within the perspective of a visitor. The initial section of the paper revises the scorecard to adapt to the destination, while the second part of the paper applies the scorecard to a specific city destination. The TDRSD scorecard for CVBs was used to evaluate the destination of Manta, Ecuador.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach included four stages. The first stage was to use a Delphi technique to evaluate and adapt the UNIDSRR scorecard to a destination (tourism) context. The second stage included conducting interviews with members of the Manta CVB and Mesa 5 (Emergency Management Department of Manta). Consequently, each answer was paired with support for the item and criteria score. Finally, the weak and strong scores were identified for each essential and match them up with recommendations and trends available in literature.

Findings

This study set out to do three things: suggest that a similar scorecard is necessary for destinations; adapt the UNIDSR scorecard to a destination focus; and apply the TDRSD to Manta, Ecuador. Overall, these goals were met. But most interestingly, findings suggest some troubling outcomes.

Originality/value

The study allowed to undercover gaps in the current risk management plan of the destination, while providing an evaluation of the engineering resilience of the tourism sector of Manta in case of a disaster.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

© International Tourism Studies Association

Citation

Basurto-Cedeño, E.M. and Pennington-Gray, L. (2016), "Tourism disaster resilience scorecard for destinations (TDRSD): the case of Manta, Ecuador", International Journal of Tourism Cities, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 149-163. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-01-2016-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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