To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Government versus private primary schools in India: An assessment of physical infrastructure, schooling costs and performance

Jitendra Gouda (International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India)
Kailash Chandra Das (International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India)
Srinivas Goli (Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow, India)
Ladumai Maikho Apollo Pou (International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Article publication date: 21 October 2013

Downloads
1666

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is an effort to identify the difference between government and private primary schools in terms of physical infrastructure, schooling costs and student's performance. Further, the paper assessed the role of physical infrastructure and schooling costs on the performance of students. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used India Human Development Survey (IHDS) data. Bivariate, trivariate, χ2 and ANOVA test, factor analyses and Theil index are used as methods of analyses.

Findings

The results present a distinct picture of government and private primary school education in India in terms of physical infrastructure standards, schooling cost and performance of students. In all the three selected indicators, private primary schools remained a forerunner or outperform the government primary schools in India. Besides this, the physical infrastructure and schooling cost found to have effect on performance of students both in private and public schools.

Practical implications

Since government primary schools hold more than 70 percent of total students, there is an urgent need to improve the standards of primary education in these schools. Further, efforts are needed to reduce the gaps between private and public schools in terms of its basic physical facilities and performance of students in the country.

Originality/value

The paper used the IHDS to examine the existing differentials between government and private primary schools. The analysis is purely an original work.

Keywords

Citation

Gouda, J., Chandra Das, K., Goli, S. and Maikho Apollo Pou, L. (2013), "Government versus private primary schools in India: An assessment of physical infrastructure, schooling costs and performance", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 33 No. 11/12, pp. 708-724. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-12-2012-0105

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited