The purpose of this paper is to synthesize findings on the effects of existing paid parental leave programs on infant mortality rates (IMR) in the USA as an attempt to aid in efforts for the development of a national paid parental leave policy.
Three articles were reviewed to analyze findings on the effects of existing parental leave programs on IMR in the USA.
The results from the three studies analyzed indicate that unpaid parental leave and parental leave with partial wage replacement can reduce IMR in households with college educated, working mothers.
This review is limited due to only having three studies available to synthesize that pertained to the USA. Implications for future research are to examine the effects of fully paid parental leave programs offered by individual organizations on IMR in the USA.
Providing a needs-based income replacement policy to mothers who wish to take parental leave after the birth of a child may be the best policy to decrease IMR for infants from all socioeconomic backgrounds.
The findings in this review will aid in the ongoing efforts to develop a national paid parental leave policy in the USA.
The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.
Snyder, B. (2020), "United States paid parental leave and infant mortality", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 40 No. 1/2, pp. 145-153. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-10-2019-0197
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