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Post-COVID-19 poverty in France: magnitude, manifestations and actors from nine case studies

Célia Bouchet (Observatoire Sociologique du Changement, Paris, France) (Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’evaluation des politiques publiques, Paris, France)
Nicolas Duvoux (Centre de Recherches Sociologiques et Politiques de Paris, Paris, France)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Article publication date: 16 November 2022




Drawing on the French case, this article examines the size and scope of poverty resulting from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the diversity of poverty's manifestations and the role of public action (among other actors) in addressing the poverty. This reflection unfolds at the confluence between the international literature on the economic effects of COVID-19 around the world and the methodological and conceptual issues on poverty.


Following a research report to the French Government in 2021, a new academic collaboration is initiated to assess the conceptual issues underlying the report's nine quantitative, qualitative and participatory studies. A thematic analysis is used to elaborate on an original framework.


COVID-19 not only had detrimental economic effects on specific groups, such as precarious workers and students, but also serious effects on social isolation, mental health, access to welfare and public services. Together with assessing the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on poverty in France, this paper highlights the lack of recognition of community support in the face of hard times.


The COVID-19 outbreak has not only deteriorated socioeconomic situations in France, but has also unmasked structural, long-term components of poverty. The paper discusses three policy implications of these revelations, concerning (1) the monitoring of non-monetary dimensions of poverty, (2) the needs of various groups under a welfare state with a dual structure and (3) the role of communities in public policy schemes.



As an affiliate member of the Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’évaluation des politiques publiques (LIEPP), the first author benefits from the support provided by the ANR and the French government under the “Investissements d'Avenir” program LABEX LIEPP (ANR-11-LABX-0091, ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02) and the IdEx Université Paris Cité (ANR-18-IDEX-0001).


Bouchet, C. and Duvoux, N. (2022), "Post-COVID-19 poverty in France: magnitude, manifestations and actors from nine case studies", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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