Considering the effectiveness of philanthropic collective action: a community ecology perspective

Hyunseok Hwang (Department of Sociology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA)
Tiffany Amorette Young (Department of Sociology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Publication date: 8 April 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between social capital and collective action at the county level in the US while incorporating the moderating effects of community racial diversity and urbanity and to find the changing effects of social capital on philanthropic collective action for community education.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper employs a quantitative research design. The dependent variable measures philanthropic collective action for community education while the independent variable for social capital is measured as a community level index. Moderating variables include a community racial diversity index and urbanity. This analysis tests and interprets interaction effects using moderated multiple regression (MMR), with the baselines of MMR being grounded to multivariate ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. Analyses are carried out in the context of the USA during 2006 and 2010, with US counties employed as the unit of analysis.

Findings

The effects of social capital on philanthropic contributions decline in counties with low- and mid-levels of racial diversity. On the contrary, the effects of social capital increase in highly racially diverse counties. The three-way interaction model result suggests that racial diversity positively moderates social capital on philanthropic collective action for community education where the effect of social capital is strong and positive in highly racially diverse urban communities.

Originality/value

This research complicates the notion that social capital and racial diversity are negatively associated when exploring collective action and community education, and suggests effects of social capital varies with moderating effects on philanthropic collective action for community education.

Keywords

Citation

Hyunseok Hwang and Tiffany Amorette Young (2019) "Considering the effectiveness of philanthropic collective action: a community ecology perspective", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 39 No. 3/4, pp. 201-220

Download as .RIS

DOI

: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-05-2018-0078

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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