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Reappraisal of the political approach on East Asian welfare state development: the case of childcare expansion in South Korea

Tauchid Komara Yuda (Department of Social Development and Welfare, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia) (KDI School of Public Policy and Management, Sejong, South Korea)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Article publication date: 19 May 2020

Issue publication date: 24 June 2020

241

Abstract

Purpose

Political analyses of the East Asian welfare state development often stress the importance of the power resource model, in which vibrant coalitions between the leftist party, interest groups, civil society and working-class unions have become driving factors in producing generous welfare outcomes. Challenging such analyses, this article discusses the convergence of the political attitude between political actors who are increasingly homogeneous (supportive) when it comes to the universal welfare state notion by focussing on childcare in South Korea.

Design/methodology/approach

By using desk review of the peer-reviewed literature and reports, this article investigates the causation for why political parties with different political ideologies were keen on extending childcare programs and its outcome in addressing the existing demographic problems in Korea.

Findings

Although the collective movement, especially in the 1990s and 2000s, had given important contributions to the early development of childcare in South Korea, more breakthroughs in childcare features were precisely and rapidly developed after politicians from different spectrums of political affiliations converged in their supportive attitude of the universal welfare. The driving factors of political convergence itself are not merely due to electoral competition or political activism; furthermore, it can be linked to the increased global institution involvement in domestic policy with extensive permeability, which, have ruined domestic policy development maintained for ideological reasoning and bring in more popular policy setting.

Originality/value

This article contributes to the growing literature on the political aspect of East Asian social policy studies, which goes beyond the traditional power resource analysis and makes a novel contribution to the childcare policy studies.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank the editor and anonymous reviewers for their review. This article is dedicated to my life partner, Maretta Daniaty, who stood faithfuly with me all the time.

Citation

Yuda, T.K. (2020), "Reappraisal of the political approach on East Asian welfare state development: the case of childcare expansion in South Korea", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 40 No. 7/8, pp. 677-693. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-03-2020-0056

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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