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Exploring the drivers of ethnic and religious exclusion from public services in Nigeria: implications for sustainable development goal 10

Benjamin Sunday Uzochukwu (Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Chinyere Cecilia Okeke (Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
Joyce Ogwezi (Department of Political Sciences, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria)
Benedict Emunemu (Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria)
Felicia Onibon (Change Managers International Network, Abuja, Nigeria)
Bassey Ebenso (School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)
Tolib Mirzoev (School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)
Ghazala Mir (School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Article publication date: 25 July 2020

Issue publication date: 26 May 2021

245

Abstract

Purpose

The importance of social exclusion and the disadvantage experienced by many minority ethnic and religious populations are rooted in SDG 10. To address this exclusion effectively it is important to understand their key drivers. This paper aimed to establish the key drivers of exclusion and their outcomes in Nigeria.

Design/methodology/approach

The methods involved a scoping review of literature and stakeholder workshops that focused on drivers of social exclusion of religious and ethnic minorities in public institutions.

Findings

At the macro level, the drivers include ineffective centralized federal State, competition for resources and power among groups, geographic developmental divide and socio-cultural/religious issues. At the meso-level are institutional rules and competition for resources, stereotypes and misconceptions, barriers to access and service provision. At the micro-level are socio-economic status and health-seeking behaviour. The perceived impact of social exclusion included increasing illiteracy, lack of employment, deteriorating health care services, increased social vices, communal clashes and insurgencies and vulnerability to exploitation and humiliation. These drivers must be taken into consideration in the development of interventions for preventing or reducing social exclusion of ethnic and religious minorities from public services.

Originality/value

This is a case of co-production by all the stakeholders and a novel way for the identification of drivers of social exclusion in public services in Nigeria. It is the first step towards solving the problem of exclusion and has implications for the achievement of SDG 10 in Nigeria.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the funders and the participants from Enugu, Delta and Abuja, Nigeria for sharing their insights and their time devoted to the study. Special thanks goes to Naila Dracup who provided extensive support for the search for relevant literature.This study was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, GCRF fund.

Citation

Uzochukwu, B.S., Okeke, C.C., Ogwezi, J., Emunemu, B., Onibon, F., Ebenso, B., Mirzoev, T. and Mir, G. (2021), "Exploring the drivers of ethnic and religious exclusion from public services in Nigeria: implications for sustainable development goal 10", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 41 No. 5/6, pp. 561-583. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-02-2020-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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