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Relationship between organizational commitments and organizational citizenship behaviour in a sample of private banking employees

María Zayas-Ortiz (School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Universidad del Turabo, Gurabo, Puerto Rico)
Ernesto Rosario (Clinical Psychology Program, Ponce School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ponce, Puerto Rico)
Eulalia Marquez (School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Universidad del Turabo, Gurabo, Puerto Rico)
Pablo Colón Gruñeiro (School of Business and Entrepreneurship, Universidad del Turabo, Gurabo, Puerto Rico)

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy

ISSN: 0144-333X

Article publication date: 9 March 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether there was a relationship between commitment and the behaviour of organizational citizenship among bank employees.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is based on the outcomes of a doctoral dissertation, which was a case study combining a mix methodology. The results validated the conceptual model proposed by the researcher and answered the research questions. Measurement instruments used include the organizational citizenship scale and the organizational commitment scale, developed and validated by Rosario et al. (2004).

Findings

The paper finds that there is a positive correlation between the organizational commitment and the indicators of organizational citizenship behaviour and civic virtue, courtesy and altruism dimensions shown by the employees. The dimensions of affective and moral commitment had the strongest correlation with the civic virtue dimension of organizational citizenship.

Research limitations/implications

Sample consist only of private banking employees.

Practical implications

The organizations should support the affective and moral commitment in their personnel in order to develop strong citizenship behaviour.

Social implications

The organizational commitment with demonstrations of citizenship behaviour, civic virtue, and courtesy and altruism dimensions may impact the organization and the community creating a good base to improve the quality of life.

Originality/value

This is the first attempt to study the relationship between organizational commitments and organizational citizenship behaviour in a sample of private banking employees in Puerto Rico.

Keywords

Citation

Zayas-Ortiz, M., Rosario, E., Marquez, E. and Colón Gruñeiro, P. (2015), "Relationship between organizational commitments and organizational citizenship behaviour in a sample of private banking employees", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 35 No. 1/2, pp. 91-106. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-02-2014-0010

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited