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Influence of perceived and effective congruence on recall and purchase intention in sponsored printed sports advertising: An eye-tracking application

Manuel Alonso Dos Santos (Department of Administration, Universidad Católica de la Santisima Concepcion, Concepcion, Chile)
Ferran Calabuig Moreno (Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain)
Josep Crespo-Hervás (Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain)

International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship

ISSN: 1464-6668

Article publication date: 6 August 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of congruence (perceived and effective) and the level of visual attention towards sponsors on recall and purchase intention in sports sponsorship by applying neurophysiological measures.

Design/methodology/approach

This study is part of neuromarketing research applied to sports. The experiment entails eye tracking with 111 men and 129 women (n=24) with 24 sports posters of three different disciplines (sailing, tennis and F1), varying the congruence, the number of sponsors and the position (2×2×2). The data are analyzed via analysis of covariance and regression using ordinary least squares.

Findings

Brand recall is influenced by the number of sponsors present on the poster and by the time of fixation. Effective and perceived congruence covariance the purchase intention, but the full time of fixation on the sponsor does not. The latter only, purchase intention indirectly.

Practical implications

The results enable managers to implement better poster designs and sponsors to have objective measures of sponsorship.

Originality/value

There are few studies that analyze print media in sponsorship using neurophysiological techniques. This research is a pioneer in considering attention to sports posters to examine recall and purchase intention.

Keywords

Citation

Alonso Dos Santos, M., Calabuig Moreno, F. and Crespo-Hervás, J. (2019), "Influence of perceived and effective congruence on recall and purchase intention in sponsored printed sports advertising: An eye-tracking application", International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 617-633. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSMS-10-2018-0099

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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