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Method for computing the shear capacity of prestressed reinforced concrete beams based on truss-arch model

Jiawei Wang (School of Civil Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China) (Research and Development Center of Highway Maintenance Technology, Liaoning Communication Planning and Design Institute Co., Ltd, Shenyang, China)
Jinliang Liu (School of Civil Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China)
Guanhua Zhang (Research and Development Center of Highway Maintenance Technology, Liaoning Communication Planning and Design Institute Co., Ltd, Shenyang, China)
Yanmin Jia (School of Civil Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 1 October 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The calculation of the shear capacity of inclined section for prestressed reinforced concrete beams is an important topic in the design of concrete members. The purpose of this paper, based on the truss-arch model, is to analyze the shear mechanism in prestressed reinforced concrete beams and establish the calculation formula for shear capacity.

Design/methodology/approach

Considering the effect of the prestressed reinforcement axial force on the angle of the diagonal struts and regression coefficient of softening cocalculation of shear capacity is established. According to the shape of the cracks of prestressed reinforced concrete beams under shear compression failure, the tie-arch model for the calculation of shear capacity is established. Shear-failure-test beam results are collected to verify the established formula for shear bearing capacity.

Findings

Through theoretical analysis and experimental beam verification, it is confirmed in this study that the truss-arch model can be used to analyze the shear mechanism of prestressed reinforced concrete members accurately. The calculation formula for the angle of the diagonal struts chosen by considering the effect of prestress is accurate. The relationship between the softening coefficient of concrete and strength of concrete that is established is correct. Considering the effect of the destruction of beam shear plasticity of the concrete on the surface crack shape, the tie-arch model, which is established where the arch axis is parabolic, is applicable.

Originality/value

The formula for shear capacity of prestressed reinforced concrete beams based on this theoretical model can guarantee the effectiveness of the calculation results when the structural properties vary significantly. Engineers can calculate the parameters of prestressed reinforced concrete beams by using the shear capacity calculation formula proposed in this paper.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflict of interest: the authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. This study was supported by “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (2572017AB01) and Transportation Science and Technology Project of Liaoning Province of China (201512 and 201513).

Citation

Wang, J., Liu, J., Zhang, G. and Jia, Y. (2018), "Method for computing the shear capacity of prestressed reinforced concrete beams based on truss-arch model", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 9 No. 5, pp. 574-586. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-09-2017-0052

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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