During service period, due to the overload or other non-load factors, cracks of the pre-stressed concrete beam are seriously affecting the safety of the bridge structure. The purpose of this paper is to quickly realize the bearing capacity and the loss of the section stiffness through fracture characteristics and make correct judgments.
Through the flexural failure test of two test beams: collecting data of fracture characteristics and section stiffness loss value. According to the fracture characteristic data, the flexural stiffness of the section is obtained by the nonlinear calculation method, and the results are verified by test data. Data regression method is used to establish the section flexural stiffness loss ratio calculation formula, nominal tensile strain at the bottom edge of the cross-section used as a variable factor, and the accuracy of this formula is verified by comparing the flexural failure test results of pre-stressed hollow plates.
The loss of the flexural stiffness of section shows the decrease trend of first-fast-then-slow and the structural stiffness is sensitive to the initial cracking of beam. The calculation formula on the loss ratio of the flexural stiffness of section established with the nominal tensile stress at the bottom edge of beam as a variable is accurate and feasible, it realizes the possibility of assessing the stiffness loss of pre-stressed concrete structure by adopting the statistic parameters on crack characteristics.
A method for quickly determine the stiffness loss of structures by using fracture characteristics is established, and using this method, engineers can quickly determine whether a bridge is a dangerous bridge, without loading test. So, this method not only ensures the safety of human life, but also saves money.
This study was supported by “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (No. 2572017AB01), “Natural Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province of China” (Grant No. E2017003), and “Transportation Science and Technology Project of Liaoning Province of China” (Nos 201512 and 201513).
Liu, J., Jia, Y., Zhang, G. and Wang, J. (2018), "Calculation on the flexural stiffness of the section of PC hollow slab beam in the life cycle", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 241-254. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSI-06-2017-0036Download as .RIS
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